注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

蒋高明的博客

中国科学院植物研究所研究员,从事植物生态学研究

 
 
 

日志

 
 
关于我

联合国教科文组织人与生物圈中国国家委员会副秘书长、中国科学院植物研究所首席研究员、博士生导师、山东省人民政府泰山学者、中国科学院研究生院教授、联合国教科文组织人与生物圈计划城市组委员、中国生态学会副秘书长、中国生物多样性保护基金会副秘书长、中国环境文化促进会理事、中国植物学会植物生态学专业委员会委员、北京植物学会常务理事、青年工作委员会主任、中国生态系统研究网络生物分中心学术委员、中国科学院植物研究所学位委员会委员、

网易考拉推荐

China urged to take technological risk more seriously  

2011-08-16 21:34:00|  分类: 环保呐喊 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
【本博注】科学杂志记者在SciDev发表文章,指出中国针对转基因生物安全提高了监督水平,本人的观点在报道之列。
China urged to take technological risk more seriously - 蒋高明 - 蒋高明的博客

There are several nuclear power plants under construction in China

Flickr/Colt Group

[BEIJING] Like many other countries, China is currently reviewing the safety of its nuclear power programme following the damage caused by Japan's tsunami to the Fukushima nuclear plant in March, promising that 'full safety checks' of existing reactors would be carried out.

Although the government has also suspended approval of future nuclear projects until a new nuclear safety plan is published — currently expected before the end of the year — it is widely anticipated that its construction programme for nuclear power plants will resume at that point.

At the same time, however, the potential dangers highlighted by the Fukushima accident have reinforced growing demands for the country to strengthen its approach to risk management for all types of technological emergencies.

Critics believe that despite some recent signs of progress, there are still serious gaps in the government's preparedness plans for such situations. They argue that risk evaluation needs to be increased across the board, from areas such as genetically modified (GM) crops to the impact of human-induced global warming on food production.

Their argument is that, too often, safety concerns have fallen victim to cost-cutting and even corruption in the country's headlong pursuit of economic growth.

As Li Daguang, director of the Science Communication Centre at the Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), says: "Generally, China doesn't consider the potential risks of technology because economic benefit is the top consideration."

Nuclear power safety

China already has four operating nuclear power plants, with 13 projects involving 27 separate reactors currently under construction. While several are along the coast, others are due to be located near large cities.

The country's chief climate negotiator Xie Zhenhua, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission, told a climate change policy forum in Canberra, Australia, in March that the Fukushima disaster is expected to lead to new safety measures in the country's nuclear programme,.

Reflecting this commitment, China will spend about 150 million yuan (US$23 million) this year to carry out the review of the safety of both existing power plants and new ones (in contrast, last year's budget did not even explicitly mention nuclear safety.)

"Operating plants and plants that are under construction will soon be inspected and reviewed by a group of experts," Lin Chengge, a senior expert at the State Nuclear Power Technology Corporation Ltd and former deputy director of the National Nuclear Safety Administration, told China Daily.

"The results of the inspection will be provided to the government so it can decide if safety improvements are needed."

Some improvements have already been seen …

The response is becoming a familiar one. During the SARS outbreak in 2003, for example, the government set up an emergency working group under the State Council, the country's highest administrative body, indicating that it considered the risks associated with the outbreak to be a high political priority.

Further evidence that the government has begun to take technological risks seriously was the creation in 2004 of a risk analysis committee — the first government organisation specialising in evaluating risk — under the Academy of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Management of the Ministry of Civil Affairs and Ministry of Education.

Risk assessment has certainly improved in the last ten years. Modern attitudes towards risk reduction and the concept of risk management have surfaced, and the government has introduced a number of laws and policies, such as emergency measures for nuclear accidents at power plants, and the regulation of emergency public health situations.

… but more is to be done

But not everyone is convinced that this action is sufficient.

China urged to take technological risk more seriously - 蒋高明 - 蒋高明的博客

China should also look into the risk of droughts

Flickr/CheshireCat@TO

until recently, economic benefits had been given precedence over safety issues, adding that defects in technology have only been exposed after accidents have happened.

There are still serious limitations, such as a lack of centralised management for risk as well as a lack of civil participation, Bao adds. She points out that there is still "no special ministry dealing with national risk reduction and management on the Chinese mainland," and that there are few researchers and institutions specialising in risk.

To rectify this situation, some of the country's scientists and engineers, for example, have suggested setting up an institute for nuclear safety.

Another area in which concern exists about the lack of research into risks is in the field of GM crops. At the International Biosafety Forum in Beijing in April, for example, researchers urged China to strengthen risk research and evaluation on such crops.

In 2008, the government provided US$3.5 billion in funding for research into GM crops. Out of this sum, however, it has allocated a mere US$1.5 million over the five years for GM risk evaluation and public engagement.

"Although GM risk funding is increasing, it's far from being enough," says Wei Wei, an ecologist at CAS's Institute of Botany, in Beijing. "In particular, ecological risks should not be underestimated."

Natural risks are also an issue

Other concerns focus on the lack of adequate research into the risks of climate change, despite the fact that water scarcity is affecting 184,000 square kilometres of farmland as the worst drought in half a century grips the country.

It has put the risk of food insecurity back on the agenda, and revealed a lack of investment in agricultural land, says Jiang Gaoming of CAS's Institute of Botany.

China "should be concerned about the risk in many areas, such as nuclear power, earthquakes, tsunamis, floods and droughts," adds Chen I-wan, advisor to the state-run China Disaster Prevention Association led by the China Earthquake Administration.

Bao told SciDev.Net that China should study the experiences of other countries, set up institutions to research risk management, devise appropriate legislation and adopt effective counter-measures.

Safety expert Bao Ou, of the Institute of Science, Technology and Society at Tsinghua University, Beijing, told SciDev.Net that,

  评论这张
 
阅读(5)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017